Dementia

Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment and behavior. Most types of dementia are nonreversible (degenerative).

Nonreversible means the changes in the brain that are causing the dementia cannot be stopped or turned back. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia.

Dementia symptoms include difficulty with many areas of mental function, including:

  • Language
  • Memory
  • Perception
  • Emotional behavior or personality
  • Cognitive skills (such as calculation, abstract thinking, or judgment)

Dementia usually first appears as forgetfulness.
The goal of treatment is to control the symptoms of dementia. Treatment depends on the condition causing the dementia. Some people may need to stay in the hospital for a short time.

If you think you or someone you know may have dementia, contact us for a free psychiatric assessment.
For more information on dementia, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.